State Cannabis Laws: Everything You Need To Know

As a cannabis user, or someone interested in using cannabis, it is important you know your legal rights in your state.

At a federal level, cannabis remains illegal. Cannabis is a Schedule I drug. However, states have independently passed laws which legalize cannabis use, implement medical cannabis programs and decriminalize cannabis use. The United States is a patchwork of cannabis laws and knowing your rights is key, but can also be confusing.

That’s why it is important to know your rights in your state. Being informed can be the difference between freedom and a criminal record.

Leafwell is committed to educating medical cannabis card holders as well as recreational cannabis users about their legal rights. We make understanding your rights simple and keep this information up to date so you can be confident you have the correct information.

Learn More: Blogs About Marijuana Laws

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How Much Cannabis Can You Possess In Each State?

Medical marijuana programs are different in every state. From the list of qualifying conditions to the process of getting your card to how much marijuana you can purchase and carry at one time. As cannabis remains illegal at the federal level, it’s important you know how much cannabis you can possess as a medical marijuana …

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Know Your Employment Rights As A Medical Marijuana User

Although medical cannabis is legal in 33 states, the District of Columbia, and three U.S. territories, the laws protecting medical cannabis patients in those same states are far from comprehensive. For medical cannabis patients all around the U.S., that patchwork of laws and regulations can be confusing, obtuse, and downright frustrating. Understanding your rights when …

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Which States Have Medical Marijuana Card Reciprocity?

Before we get into the nitty-gritty, first we must ask (and answer), “What is medical marijuana card reciprocity?” Medical marijuana card reciprocity is when a medical marijuana program in one state recognizes the validity of a medical marijuana card and certificate from another state. It’s essentially a state saying, “Your state’s medical marijuana program and …

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Cannabis and Gun Laws – A Consistently Inconsistent Legal Grey Area

It’s time to talk about cannabis and gun laws. Staying on the right side of the law when it comes to medical marijuana use is key. Staying on the right side of the law when it comes to gun ownership is also key. This article looks at the two, side by side. There are few …

Cannabis Laws in Every State and US Territory

State
Year Established
Legal Status
Possession Limit Cultivation?
Alabama

Senate Bill 46, 2021

Medical Program Only N/A Illegal
Alaska

Measure 2, 2014 (recreational)

Fully Legal Up to 1 oz. 6 plants per person, up to twelve plants in a household with two or more adults 21+. No difference between rec and med patients.
American Samoa

N/A

Illegal N/A Illegal
Arizona

Proposition 203, 2010 (medical)
Proposition 207, 2020 (recreational)

Fully Legal Up to 1 oz. Six plants in a household, or a maximum of 12 with two or more adults 21+.
Arkansas

Ballot Measure Issue 6, 2016 (medical)

Medical Program Only For medical patients - 2.5 oz. every 14 days. For recreational users - N/A For medical patients - Illegal For recreational users - N/A
California

Proposition 215, or the Compassionate Use Act of 1996 (medical);

Proposition 64, 2016 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical patients - No defined limit, although some suggest 8 oz. Recreational users - 1 oz., or 8 grams concentrate For medical patients - up to 6 plants, although it is possible for a patient to grow more plants with an appropriate license. For recreational users - 6 plants.
Colorado

Initiative 20 (medical);

Colorado Amendment 64, 2012 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical patients - 2 oz. flower, 1 oz. concentrate; Recreational users - 2 oz. flower, 8 grams concentrate Up to 6 plants - both medical and recreational.
Connecticut

Medicinal Marijuana Legalization Measure (or ‘AN ACT CONCERNING THE PALLIATIVE USE OF MARIJUANA’), 2012 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program Up to 1 month’s supply, amount determined by physician. N/A recreational. Illegal
Delaware

Delaware Medical Marijuana Act (SB 17), 2011 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program Medical patients - 6 oz. Recreational - N/A Illegal
Florida

Amendment 2, 2016 (medical)

Medical Program Only Medical patients - Up to 4 oz. at any given time. Illegal
Georgia

Haleigh’s Hope Act HB1, 2015 (medical)

Medical Program Only - Decriminalized in the cities of Atlanta, Clarkston,Forest Park, Savannah, South Fulton, Statesboro, unincorporated Fulton County, and Macon–Bibb County. N/A, although low-THC CBD oil is legalized for medical use. Maximum THC content 5%. Illegal
Guam

Bill 215-32, 2014 (medical)
Bill 343-33 The Guam Industry Cannabis Act, 2019 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical - 2.5 oz. Recreational - 1 oz. Medical - Up to 12 plants - 6 mature, 6 immature. Recreational - Up to 6 plants - 3 mature, 3 immature.
Hawaii

Senate Bill 862, 2000. (medical)

Act 228, 2000 allowed for patients or their caregivers to grow medical cannabis.

Decriminalized and Medical Program Medical patients - 4 oz. usable cannabis or 3.5 grams concentrate in a 15 day period. Up to 7 mature plants.
Idaho

N/A

Illegal N/A - CBD is legal, but must be THC-free and from specific parts of the plant. Illegal
Illinois

The Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act, HB 1, 2013 (medical)
Illinois Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act, 2019 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical - Up to 2.5 oz., 500 mg of THC-infused products or 5 grams of concentrate of cannabis over a 14-day period, although patients may apply for a greater limit. Recreational - 1.1 oz. (30 grams) Medical - Up to 5 plants per household. Recreational - Illegal
Indiana

N/A

Illegal N/A Illegal
Iowa

N/A

Illegal N/A - CBD oil with THC content less than 3% is legal for medical use only. Illegal
Kansas

N/A

Illegal N/A Illegal
Kentucky

N/A

Illegal N/A Illegal
Louisiana

Alison Neustrom Act SB 143, 2015 (medical)

House Bill 652, 2021 (lowered penalties)

Decriminalized and Medical Program A maximum of 30 days’ supply, amount determined by physician. Only non-smokable preparations. Illegal
Maine

The Maine Medical Use Marijuana Program, 1999 (medical)
An Act to Legalize Marijuana Question 1, 2016 (recreational)

Fully Legal Med & Rec - 2.5 oz. flower, 5 gram concentrate. 3 mature plants, 12 immature plants and unlimited seedlings.
Maryland

House Bill 881, 2014 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program Medical patients - Up to 120 grams of flower or 36 grams of THC concentrate over a 30-day period. Recreational users - N/A Illegal
Massachusetts

Massachusetts Medical Marijuana Initiative Question 3, 2012 (medical)
Question 4, 2016 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical patients - Up to 60 days’ supply may be recommended, which is determined to be around 10 oz. 1 gram of concentrate = 5.3 grams of raw flower. For both med & rec 1 oz. outside of the home, or 10 oz. in the home. Med & Rec - Up to 6 plants per person per household. Maximum of 12 plants.
Michigan

Michigan Medical Marihuana Act, 2008 (medical)
Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act, 2018 (recreational)

Fully Legal Med & rec - 2.5 oz. cannabis outside the home, or 10 oz. cannabis inside the home. 15 grams concentrate. Up to 12 plants per person.
Minnesota

Medical Cannabis Therapeutic Research Act SF 2470, 2014 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program 30 day supply of non-smokable preparations only, with the amount determined by the physician. Illegal
Mississippi

Initiative 65, 2020 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program Up to 2.5 ounces of medical cannabis every 14 days (2 weeks). N/A as of May 2021. Illegal
Missouri

Amendment 2 Medical Marijuana and Veteran Healthcare Services Initiative, 2018 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program 4 oz. every 30 days. More may be permitted based upon physician’s recommendation. Up to 6 plants with a Patient Cultivation Card.
Montana

Montana Medical Marijuana Allowance Initiative, 2004 (medical)
Initiative 190, 2020 (recreational)

Fully Legal 1 oz. usable cannabis flower, 8 gram concentrate (med & rec) Up to 4 mature and 4 immature plants if the patient hasn’t elected a dispensary provider. A maximum of 8 mature and 8 immature plants per household.
Nebraska

N/A

Illegal N/A Illegal
Nevada

Nevada Medical Marijuana Act Question 9, 2000 (medical)
Nevada Question 2 Regulation and Taxation of Marijuana Act, 2016 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical - 2.5 oz. every 14 days Recreational - 1 oz. flower, ⅓ oz. concentrate Patients in Nevada can cultivate medical marijuana if there is no dispensary in the county where they live, if there is no dispensary within 25 miles of their home address, or if the dispensary does not provide the strain of cannabis the patient is seeking..
New Hampshire

Use of Cannabis for Therapeutic Purposes HB 573, 2013 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program Medical - 2 oz. flower, 5 grams concentrate Recreational - N/A Illegal
New Jersey

Compassionate Use of Medical Marijuana Act SB 119, 2010 (medical)
NJ A21 (20R), 2020 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical - Up to 3 oz. every 30 days. Recreational - 2 oz. Illegal
New Mexico

Compassionate Use Medical Marijuana Act SB 0523, 2007 (medical)
HB 2, 2021 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical - 8 oz. every 90 days Recreational - unclear as of yet Up to 6 mature plants per person, with a maximum of 12 per household.
New York

AB 6357, 2014 (medical)
Marihuana Regulation and Taxation Act S854A, 2021 (recreational)

Fully Legal Recreational - 3 oz. cannabis flower, 24 grams concentrate Up to 3 mature and 3 immature plants per person, with a maximum of 12 mature plants and 12 immature plants per household.
North Carolina

N/A

Illegal N/A - CBD oil is legal for medical use Illegal
North Dakota

Compassionate Care Act Measure 5, 2016 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program 3 oz. per month, or up to 6 oz. for cancer patients. Illegal
Northern Mariana Islands

HB 20-178, 2018 (medical & recreational)

Fully Legal 1 oz. of marijuana, 16 oz. of marijuana products in solid form, 72 oz. of cannabis in liquid form, 5 grams of extracts. A maximum of 8 oz. in the home. Up to 6 mature and 12 immature plants per household. Physicians may recommend larger quantities, up to a maximum of 12 mature and 24 immature plants.
Ohio

Medical Marijuana Legislation HB 523, 2016 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program Up to a 90-day supply of medical marijuana, amount to be determined by the physician. Illegal
Oklahoma

Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative Question 788, 2018 (medical)

Medical Program Only – Three (3) ounces (84.9 grams) of marijuana on your person – One (1) ounce (28.3 grams) of concentrated marijuana – Seventy-two (72) ounces (2,037.6 grams) of edible marijuana – Eight (8) ounces (226.4 grams) of marijuana in your residence Up to 6 mature plants and 6 immature plants.
Oregon

The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act Ballot 67, 1998 (medical)
Measure 91, 2014 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical - 24 oz. Recreational - 1 oz., with a maximum of 8 in the home. Medical - 16 plants, a maximum of 6 mature and 10 immature. Recreational - 4 plants maximum.
Pennsylvania

Medical Marijuana Act SB 3, 2016 (medical)

Medical Program Only - Decriminalized in Philadelphia 30 day supply, to be determined upon consultation Illegal
Puerto Rico

Executive Order No. OE-2015-35, 2015 (medical)

Medical Program Only 30-day supply of medical marijuana, to be determined by a physician. Only non-smokable preparations are allowed. Illegal
Rhode Island

Edward O. Hawkins and Thomas C. Slater Medical Marijuana Act, SB 0710 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program – Possession Limit (Flower): Up to 2.5 oz. on-person. – Possession Limit (Flower): Up to 10 ounces on one’s own property, residential or non-residential. – Possession Limit (Concentrate): 1 gram concentrate = 3.3 grams flower, possession limit of just over an ounce. Up to 12 plants.
South Carolina

N/A

Illegal N/A - Cannabis oil of less than 0.9% THC is available to medical patients. Illegal
South Dakota

Measure 26 Medical Marijuana Initiative, 2020 (medical)

Medical Program Only - South Dakota's medical cannabis program is not fully operational as of yet, and the rules and regulations need to be finalized. Medical - up to 3 oz. Recreational - N/A 3 plants, or another amount if recommended by a physician.
Tennessee

N/A

Illegal N/A - Cannabis oil of less than 0.9% THC is available to medical patients. Illegal
Texas

Texas Compassionate Use Act, 2015 (medical)

Medical Program Only No defined limits - products must contain less than 0.5% THC and at least 10% CBD. Illegal
U.S. Virgin Islands

U.S. Virgin Islands Medical Cannabis Patient Care Act, 2019 (medical)

Decriminalized and Medical Program 4 oz. Up to 12 plants.
Utah

Utah Medical Cannabis Act HB 3001 (medical)

Medical Program Only Less than 100 miles from dispensary - 56 grams of unprocessed cannabis (flower); or More than a total of 10 grams of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in medicinal form. 100 + miles from dispensary - 113 grams of unprocessed cannabis (flower); or More than a total of 20 grams of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in medicinal form. Physicians may recommend a different amount. Illegal
Vermont

Medical Marijuana Measure SB 76, 2004 (medical)
Marijuana Legalization Law HB 511, 2018 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical - 2 oz. on their person, and no more than the yield of two (2) mature plants in their home. Recreational - 1 oz. on their person, and no more than the yield of two (2) mature plants in their home Medical and recreational - Up to 2 mature plants and 4 immature plants.
Virginia

Code of Virginia § 54.1-3408.3 (medical)

Fully Legal Patients may receive up to a 90-day supply per visit to a dispensary. Products, as defined under the law, must contain per dose a minimum of 5 mg of CBD or THC-A and may contain up to 10 mg of THC. Illegal
Washington

Cannabis Patient Protection Act, 2015 (medical)
Washington Initiative 502, 2012 (recreational)

Fully Legal Medical (enrolled onto state program) - 8 ounces of marijuana-infused product in solid form; 3 ounces of usable marijuana; 216 ounces of marijuana-infused product in liquid form; or 21 grams of marijuana concentrates. Medical (not enrolled onto state program) - one ounce of usable marijuana; sixteen ounces of marijuana-infused product in solid form; seventy-two ounces of marijuana-infused product in liquid form; or seven grams of marijuana concentrate. Recreational - 21 gram cannabis flower, 7 grams concentrate. Not been entered into the medical marijuana authorization database = up to 4 plants for the personal medical use of the qualifying patient and 6 possess up to six ounces of usable marijuana in his or her domicile. Entered in the state’s voluntary patient database = up to 6 plants for personal medical use and possess up to 8 ounces of usable marijuana produced from his or her plants. The patient’s healthcare practitioner may authorize up to 15 plants for personal medical use, and may possess 16 ounces of usable marijuana produced from their plants.
Washington D.C.

Initiative 5 Legalization of Marijuana for Medical Treatment Initiative of 1998 (medical)
Washington D.C. Marijuana Legalization Initiative 71, 2014 (recreational)

Fully Legal - No recreational sales allowed Medical - 2 oz., with a 4 oz. purchase limit every 30 days. Recreational - 2 oz. Up to 3 mature and 3 immature plants per person.
West Virginia

Compassionate Use Act for Medical Cannabis SB 386, 2017 (medical)

Medical Program Only Patients may possess up to a 30-day supply, but no specifics are available as to how much a 30-day supply constitutes. Herbal cannabis and smoking herbal cannabis is prohibited. Illegal
Wisconsin

N/A

Illegal N/A - however, patients who qualify for CBD oil may possess up to 3 oz. of flower or leaves. Illegal, although patients qualifying for CBD oil may grow up to 12 CBD-rich plants.
Wyoming

N/A

Illegal N/A Illegal

General advice to help you stay legal

Just because cannabis is legal in your state, doesn’t mean that there aren’t rules governing its use. It is generally better to keep your use discreet and out of people’s faces. Here’s some good rules to stick by:

• Don’t use cannabis near a school or any space where children might be.
• Don’t use cannabis near any federal buildings or any other federal space such as a national park.
• If growing cannabis is legal in your state, keep it out-of-sight and locked away.
• Keep to your state’s possession and cultivation limits.
• Don’t sell cannabis if you aren’t licensed to do so.
• It shouldn’t need to be said, but don’t drive or use heavy machinery under the influence.