Medical Cannabis Laws in Maryland
- 2013 – Governor O’Malley signed legislation that established a medical marijuana program in Maryland. The legislation restricts cannabis distribution to academic medical centers, which monitors patients.
- 2014 – House Bill 881 – medical marijuana is legalized – Updated Statutory Provisions. Full, updated Maryland medical marijuana 2020 legislation here.
– Under Maryland’s approach, physicians, nurse practitioners, dentists, podiatrists and nurse midwives may certify patients as eligible for medical marijuana.
– Several large health systems in the state, citing the federal law against marijuana, said they would bar their doctors from recommending medical marijuana, including LifeBridge Health and MedStar Health.
– Defendants who cannot prove medical necessity at trial face a maximum penalty of $100. Defendants in possession of an ounce or less of marijuana are permitted to raise an affirmative defense to the possession charge if they can prove they suffer from a specific debilitating medical condition.
- 2016 – the Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission awarded 15 preliminary licenses to grow medical marijuana (out of a pool of almost 150 applicants) and a further 15 licenses to process medical marijuana “into pills, oils and other medical products.”
- 2017 – The medical program, known as the Natalie M. LaPrade Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission (MMCC), becomes operational.
- 2020 – Gov. Hogan allowed HB 617/ SB 604, “Connor and Raina’s Law,” to become law without his signature. The bill allows for the administration of medical cannabis to students who are qualifying patients during school hours and school-sponsored events.
Telehealth for Medical Cannabis Evaluations in Maryland
Telehealth is legal for online medical cannabis consultations and evaluations in Maryland. You can see a compassionate and friendly medical marijuana physician online with Leafwell today.
Qualifying Conditions for Medical Cannabis Patients in Maryland
- Chronic, Severe or Intractable Pain
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Persistent Muscle Spasms
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Severe Nausea
- Wasting Syndrome
- Severe conditions where other medical treatments have been ineffective
- A medical condition requiring hospice admittance or receiving palliative care
Medical Marijuana for Minors in Maryland
You must be aged 18 or over in order to qualify for a medical marijuana card in Maryland. Those aged under 18 can qualify as minors, but must have a caregiver, and they must be aged 21 or over. Minors can have up to two caregivers. You must fill out the appropriate caregiver form – there is a different application form for adults and children needing a caregiver. You will need to use the Maryland OneStop Portal.
Maryland does check the criminal records of those who are applying to be a caregiver. Criminal background checks are restricted to 7 years. The type of conviction may also determine whether you are eligible for caregiver duties, and in some circumstances some types of crime may exclude someone from being a caregiver.
House Bill 617, also known as ‘Conner and Raina’s Law’, permits either designated caregivers or designated school personnel to administer medical marijuana when at school.
Cannabis Possession Limits in Maryland
For medical card holders = Up to 120 grams of flower or 36 grams of THC concentrate over a 30-day period.
Cannabis Cultivation Laws in Maryland
It is illegal to grow cannabis in Maryland, even for medical marijuana ID card holders.
Medical Cannabis Qualification, Gun Laws and Convictions
It is not legal to possess a firearm and a medical marijuana card at the same time in Maryland.
Convictions do not necessarily preclude you from qualifying for the Maryland Medical Cannabis Program, but the Commission may not register a person who has been convicted of a felony drug offense as a grower-agent.
Medical Cannabis and Employment Laws
Maryland’s medical cannabis law does state that any qualifying patient, caregiver, etc. “may not be” “denied any right or privilege” because of medical marijuana, so long as they are otherwise complying with the law. However, the employers may still test for cannabis and may take action against an employee who tests positive for cannabis, even if they are medical marijuana patients.
Local Cannabis Laws in Maryland
The Maryland Court of Appeals determined that “the mere odor of marijuana coupled with possession of what is clearly less than ten grams of marijuana, absent other circumstances,” is not sufficient probable cause for police to arrest and search a person within the state. This should apply in all jurisdictions in Maryland!